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沙特阿拉伯公布了THE LINE線性城市方案,這是第一個沒有汽車的零重力垂直城市
saudi arabia unveils designs of THE LINE, the first zero-gravity vertical city with no cars

由專筑網小R編譯

位于沙特阿拉伯NEOM新城的世界第一座零重力垂直城市

2021年,沙特阿拉伯宣布了THE LINE新城計劃,這是一條長達170公里的社區城市帶,不需要汽車或道路就能連接起來。沙特王儲兼NEOM董事會主席Mohammed bin Salman現在公布了THE LINE新城的設計方案,為世界上第一個零重力垂直城市的重要特征提供了更詳細的解讀。這座智慧城市位于沙特阿拉伯西北部塔布克。═abuk)正在建設的NEOM新城,它只有200米寬,卻有170公里長,海拔500米。

Mohammed bin Salman說:“在去年THE LINE的啟動儀式上,我們致力于一場文明革命,在徹底改變城市規劃的基礎上,將人類需求放在首位。而今天公布的垂直分層社區設計方案將挑戰傳統的平面、水平分布的城市模式,創造一個具有自然保護性和高度宜居性的城市模型。THE LINE新城將解決當今人類在城市生活中面臨的挑戰,并為人們提供另一種生活方式!

THE WORLD’S FIRST ZERO-GRAVITY VERTICAL CITY AT NEOM, SAUDI ARABIA
In 2021, Saudi Arabia announced plans for THE LINE, a 170 km belt of communities connected without the need for cars or roads (see previous coverage here). His Royal Highness Mohammed bin Salman, Crown Prince and Chairman of the NEOM Board of Directors, has now unveiled the designs of THE LINE, offering a more detailed look into the most important characteristics of the world’s first zero-gravity vertical city. Located in NEOM, a destination being built in the Tabuk Province in northwestern Saudi Arabia, the smart city will be only 200 meters wide, 170 kilometers long and 500 meters above sea level.
‘At THE LINE’s launch last year, we committed to a civilizational revolution that puts humans first based on a radical change in urban planning,’ HRH Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman said. ‘The designs revealed today for the city’s vertically layered communities will challenge the traditional flat, horizontal cities and create a model for nature preservation and enhanced human livability. THE LINE will tackle the challenges facing humanity in urban life today and will shine a light on alternative ways to live.’

“THE LINE”零重力未來城市第1張圖片
all images courtesy of NEOM

THE LINE新城設計揭開了城市設計的新思路

The LINE的城市設計揭示了NEOM對未來城市社區的愿景,即創造一個沒有道路、汽車和排放的環境。這座城市最終將容納900萬居民,占地34平方公里,與其他類似容量的城市相比,這是聞所未聞的。反過來,這將減少城市基礎設施的足跡,并創造出前所未有的高效率城市。THE LINE新城將100%使用可再生能源,優先考慮人們的健康和福祉,而不是交通和基礎設施。在設計時考慮到超近距離舒適圈,關鍵的設施總是在5分鐘的步行范圍內,此外還有20分鐘節點間的高鐵交通。與此同時,距離大自然的距離控制在兩分鐘以內,事實上,該設計計劃保護NEOM 95%的原始土地。

THE LINE城市設計方案為城市設計提供了一種新的思路,它的設計理念是將城市功能垂直分層,同時讓人們可以在三維空間中無縫轉換,這一概念被稱為零重力城市主義。公共公園和步行區、學校、家庭和工作場所垂直分層,使市民可以毫不費力地轉換場地,并在五分鐘內到達所有日常需求。城市的外部將覆蓋一個鏡面立面,這將提供其獨特的特性,并讓它與自然融為一體。城市的內部空間旨在創造非凡的體驗和神奇的時刻,將由NEOM領導的世界知名建筑師和工程師團隊打造。

THE DESIGNS OF THE LINE UNVEIL A NEW APPROACH TO URBAN DESIGN
The designs of THE LINE reveal NEOM’s vision of how urban communities will be in the future, in an environment free from roads, cars and emissions. The city is set to eventually accommodate nine million residents and will be built on a footprint of 34 square kilometers, which is unheard of when compared to other cities of similar capacity. This in turn will reduce the infrastructure footprint and create never-before-seen efficiencies in city functions. THE LINE is set to run on 100% renewable energy, prioritizing people’s health and well-being over transportation and infrastructure. Engineered with hyper proximity in mind, key amenities will always be within a five-minute walk, in addition to a high-speed rail with an end-to-end transit of 20 minutes. Meanwhile, nature is never more than two minutes away, and, in fact, the design plans to preserve 95% of NEOM’s land.
Offering a new approach to urban design, THE LINE is built around the idea of layering city functions vertically while giving people the possibility of moving seamlessly in three dimensions (up, down or across) to access them in a concept referred to as Zero Gravity Urbanism. Public parks and pedestrian areas, schools, homes and places for work are layered vertically, allowing citizens to move effortlessly and reach all daily needs within five minutes. The city’s exterior will be clad in a mirror facade, which will provide its unique character and allow it to blend with nature. Its interior, ‘built to create extraordinary experiences and magical moments’, will be created by a team of world-renowned architects and engineers, led by NEOM.

“THE LINE”零重力未來城市第2張圖片

讓向上建設城市的想法成為現實

城市設計將完全實現數字化,將顯著提高建筑的建造技術和施工工藝,這會在很大程度上實現工業化。The LINE城市設計方案的宣布是NEOM在其旗艦項目發展的延續,如OXAGON新城設計,其重新想象的制造和創新型城市;以及提供阿拉伯海灣第一個戶外滑雪服務的全球山地旅游項目TROJENA;NEOM旗下的兩家子公司:能源、水和氫公司ENOWA;NEOM數字化科技公司。

Mohammed bin Salman表示:“我們不能忽視全球城市面臨的宜居性和環境危機,NEOM在提供新穎、富有想象力的解決方案方面走在了前列。而NEOM正在領導一個由建筑、工程領域最聰明的頭腦組成的團隊,使向上建設城市的想法成為現實。它將是一個由世界各地的人們以創造和創新的生活方式在世界上留下自己印記的地方。NEOM仍然是沙特2030愿景中的重要項目,我們仍然堅定地致力于代表國家實現這一目標!

MAKING THE IDEA OF BUILDING UPWARDS A REALITY
The city’s design will be completely digitized, and the construction industrialized to a large degree by significantly advancing construction technologies and manufacturing processes. The announcement of THE LINE’s designs is a continuation of NEOM’s progress in the development of its flagship projects such as OXAGON, its reimagined manufacturing and innovation city; and TROJENA, its global mountain tourism destination that will offer the Arabian Gulf’s first outdoor skiing; as well as the launch of two of NEOM’s subsidiaries: ENOWA, its energy, water and hydrogen company; and the NEOM Tech & Digital Company.
‘We cannot ignore the livability and environmental crises facing our world’s cities, and NEOM is at the forefront of delivering new and imaginative solutions to address these issues,’ HRH Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman states. ‘NEOM is leading a team of the brightest minds in architecture, engineering and construction to make the idea of building upwards a reality. It will be a place for all people from across the globe to make their mark on the world in creative and innovative ways. NEOM remains one of the most important projects of Saudi Vision 2030, and our commitment to delivering THE LINE on behalf of the nation remains resolute.’

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項目信息:
項目名稱:THE LINE 城市設計
地點:沙特阿拉伯NEOM新城

project info:
name: THE LINE
location: NEOM, Saudi Arabia

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