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漂浮在首爾上空的超級制氧結構!第1張圖片

漂浮在建筑物的頂部,這個循環的超級結構旨在將氧氣泵入首爾
floating atop buildings, this looping super-structure is designed to pump oxygen into seoul

由專筑網放空,小R編譯

由KIM MIN JAE建筑事務所設計的“首爾環路”

由于人口過剩和嚴重缺乏綠地,快速工業化的首爾市飽受碳排放的困擾。根據首爾市政府的一項調查,大部分碳排放來自于集中在首都中心的建筑物。

當地的Kim Min Jae建筑事務所提出了“首爾環路”(Seoul Loop)以應對這種問題,這是一個由人工光合作用驅動的超級結構項目,可將氧氣泵入擁擠的城市。

‘SEOUL LOOP’ BY KIM MIN JAE ARCHITECTS
With overpopulation and an absolute lack of green spaces, the rapidly industrialized city of Seoul is plagued by intense carbon emissions. According to a Seoul Metropolitan Government survey, most of the emissions originate from buildings concentrated in the heart of the capital. Local practice Kim Min Jae Architects responded to those facts by proposing ‘Seoul Loop’, a super-structure project powered by artificial photosynthesis to pump oxygen into the congested city.

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使用人工光合作用“氧化”城市

植物的光合作用能夠自然吸收二氧化碳,呼出新鮮氧氣,創造出一個良性循環。然而,在過度擁擠的市中心,可以種植植物的空間非常小。因此,首席建筑師Kim Min Jae提議在現有的城市結構之上建立一個人工光合作用的區域,創造出一個能夠種植植物的空間。最終,厚巖洞(Huam-Dong)成為項目選址,在這里,低層建筑高度集中又缺少綠地,這樣的條件使其成為疊加體量的理想選擇。

建筑師分享道:“人工光合作用是一種化學過程,它模仿光合作用的自然過程,將陽光、水和二氧化碳轉化為碳水化合物和氧氣。與自然光合作用相比,人工過程會產生氧氣,高價值化合物和氫氣。于是,氧氣可以直接供應給城市,其余的產出物可以作為附加值儲存起來!

USING ARTIFICIAL PHOTOSYNTHESIS TO ‘OXYGENATE’ THE CITY
Plant photosynthesis naturally absorbs carbon dioxide and creates a virtuous cycle that exhales fresh oxygen. However, the amount of space that can be filled with plants in the overcrowded city center is minimal. Therefore, lead architect Kim Min Jae (see more here) proposed to secure an area for artificial photosynthesis and build a space for growing plants above the existing urban fabric. As a result, Huam-Dong was chosen as the project site; it is highly concentrated in low-rise buildings and devoid of greenery, making it ideal for a superimposed volume.
Explaining his approach, Min Jae shares: ‘Artificial photosynthesis is a chemical process that biomimics the natural process of photosynthesis to convert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into carbohydrates and oxygen. Compared to natural photosynthesis, artificial processes produce oxygen, high-value compounds, and hydrogen. Thus, oxygen can be supplied directly to the city, and the rest of the products can be stored as added value.’

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漂浮在低層建筑上方的環形木材建筑

為了不損害現有城市結構,又能將人工光合作用的輻射面積最大化,建筑師設想了一個漂浮在城市上方的環形建筑。人工光合作用設施放置在屋頂上,產生的氧氣在高處排出。

木材可以作為碳密集型材料的環保替代品,因此整個“首爾環路”采用大型木結構。屋頂設有人工光合設備和光合面板,在高空上產生的氧氣、氫氣和高價值化合物被收集并儲存在屋頂邊緣的容器中。

同時,建筑立面內的管道中用于輸送氧氣,并釋放到城市中。建筑物內部是栽培植物和放置小型設施的場地,植物可以在這里進行天然光合作用,人們也可以種植、銷售和儲存綠色植物。

A LOOPING, TIMBER VOLUME FLOATING ABOVE LOW-RISE BUILDINGS
To maximize the possible area and impact of artificial photosynthesis without harming the existing urban structure, the architect envisioned a loop-type building that floats above the city. Artificial photosynthesis facilities are placed on the roof, and the generated oxygen gets discharged on the elevation.
A mass timber structure is applied to the entire ‘Seoul Loop’ as an environmentally friendly substitute for carbon-intensive materials. The roof features artificial photosynthetic equipment and photosynthetic panels. Oxygen, hydrogen, and high-value compounds generated at this level get collected and stored in a container at the roof edge. Meanwhile, oxygen moves in a pipe within the facade and gets released into the city. Inside the building is a vase for growing plants and small facilities where natural photosynthesis, cultivation, sale, and storage of green plants can occur.

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最后,在植物栽培區設計了模塊化系統,以更好地管理基礎設施。模塊的寬度相同,但長度不同,主要分為“天然公園”和“農業”區域。此外,小規模建筑圍繞著模塊放置,比如:雜貨店、電話亭、餐館、建筑設備用房、作物儲存和銷售辦公室。

Finally, a modular system was designed in the plant cultivation area to manage the infrastructure better. The modules have the same width but different lengths and are classified mainly into ‘natural park’ and ‘farming’ sectors. In addition, small-scale buildings were placed as interactive programs around the modules: grocery store, information kiosk, F&B, building facilities, core, crop storage, and crop sales office.


建筑圖紙:

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項目信息
名稱:首爾環路
位置:韓國首爾厚巖洞
建筑設計:Kim Min Jae建筑事務所

project info
name: Seoul Loop
location: Huam Dong Area, Seoul, South Korea
architecture: Kim Min Jae Architects

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