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“新粗野主義”——印度Beton Brut住宅第1張圖片

Beton Brut is a "neo-brutalist" concrete house in Ahmedabad

由專筑網小R編譯

這座混凝土住宅位于印度艾哈邁達巴德,突出的混凝土體量給種植露臺帶來了有陰影,該項目由當地The Grid建筑事務所設計。

The Grid建筑事務所設計了Beton Brut住宅,該項目的客戶是一位企業家,其家庭熱愛創意,因此他們希望擁有一座能夠進行家庭聚會也擁有私人空間的住宅。

Jutting concrete volumes provide shade to openings and planted terraces at this monolithic concrete house in Ahmedabad, India, designed by local studio The Grid Architects.
The Grid Architects created Beton Brut house for an entrepreneur whose family enjoys creative pursuits. The client wanted a home that would provide spaces for family gatherings and for individual activities.

“新粗野主義”——印度Beton Brut住宅第2張圖片
Beton Brut是一座印度混凝土住宅,由The Grid建筑事務所設計
Beton Brut is a concrete home in India that was designed by The Grid Architects


住宅位于一塊西南向的場地上,其整體形態讓室內空間免收當地炎熱陽光的影響。

建筑師在構思建筑的整體形式時,借鑒了一位印度女性的形象,即應用傳統面紗保護面部。

Located on a southwest-facing plot, the house's form was driven by the need to protect interior spaces from the region's harsh heat and sunlight.
The studio used the image of an Indian woman protecting her head and face from the sun with the drapes of a traditional sari as a reference when creating the building's folded forms.

“新粗野主義”——印度Beton Brut住宅第3張圖片
退臺結合了有棱角的混凝土結構
Terraces were incorporated across the angular concrete structure


相較于設計一個線性方盒子,將結構分成交錯的層次也許是個更好的選擇,建筑師去掉了一些體量,構成了一系列的懸臂空間,削弱了整體感。

混凝土是建筑主要材料,影響了建筑的形態和風格,這讓人聯想起20世紀后半葉的粗野主義建筑。

Rather than designing a rectilinear box, the structure was separated into staggered layers with some sections removed to create a series of cantilevers that lighten the overall aesthetic.
The choice of concrete as the main construction material also influenced the shape and style of the house, which evokes brutalist buildings from the latter half of the 20th century.

“新粗野主義”——印度Beton Brut住宅第4張圖片
成角度的懸臂遮擋了部分外部空間
Angular cantilevers shelter parts of the exterior


工作室解釋說:“我們為了構思一個純粹的結構空間體量,建筑形態則定義為粗野主義,這里有著裸露的混凝土面板、幾何形態、單色面板,以及單色外觀!

人造混凝土表面內外直接裸露出來,為了減輕重量感,建筑室內采用了傳統的印度裝飾元素,再結合了大量的軟墊家具和織物。

工作室說:“將‘粗野’融入到社會住宅理念和傳統印度建筑中,我們認為這是‘新粗野’主義!

“法文中原始混凝土是‘Beton Brut’,它表達強大和自信,但卻擁有柔軟的內心!

"With the decision of creating a pure structure that respected honesty of materiality, the architectural path was determined as a brutalist one," the studio explained, "typified by bare concrete, geometric shapes, a monochrome palette and a monolithic appearance."
To mitigate the heavy, manmade concrete surfaces that are left exposed internally and externally, the interiors feature traditional Indian decorative elements along with plenty of upholstered furniture and soft fabrics.
"Incorporating 'brutal' in social housing ideals and traditional Indian typologies results in, what we call, 'neo-brutalism'," the firm added.
"This is why while Beton Brut – raw concrete in French – may appear strong and assertive, it possesses a soft, emotive, heart."

“新粗野主義”——印度Beton Brut住宅第5張圖片
使用者透過起居空間的落地窗可以看到花園
The living area looks out to the garden through floor to ceiling windows


建筑的入口遮擋著一個懸臂式屋面,三米高的門直通一條走道,走道的盡頭是一個通向陽臺的開口,這里的混凝土墻體上懸掛著一件鍍膜藝術作品。

主要起居室位于走廊的右側,環繞著中央景觀院落。

The building's entrance is sheltered beneath one of the cantilevered roofs. A three-metre-tall door leads into a passage that culminates in an opening looking onto a rear terrace where a patinated artwork is hung on a concrete wall.
The main living areas are positioned to the right of the corridor and are arranged around a central landscaped courtyard.

“新粗野主義”——印度Beton Brut住宅第6張圖片
面板形態的混凝土覆蓋著室內墻體和天花板
Board formed concrete covers the walls and ceiling of the interior


休息區和餐廳位于花園的梁側,主臥位于住宅深處,在這里使用者可以看到花園。

公共設施空間包含有干濕廚房和餐具室,它們位于住宅的一個角落里,除此之外設施完善的其他臥室則位于上部樓層。

The formal lounge and a dining room are positioned on either side of the garden. The main bedroom is accommodated deeper into the house and looks out onto the garden.
Utility spaces including wet and dry kitchens and a pantry are tucked away in a corner of the building, while further bedrooms with ensuite facilities are situated on the upper floors.

“新粗野主義”——印度Beton Brut住宅第7張圖片
建筑中央有著開著天窗的中庭
An atrium extends through the centre of the house and is lit by a skylight


住宅中有著各式各樣的手工藝品、家具,以及藝術品,柔化了建筑的外部形態,給空間帶來個性,其中包含有來自諸如Haveli住宅和Mandapa展亭等傳統建筑的面板和支架。

起居室有著通高空間,墻上安裝有原本突出于建筑外部的木窗,使用者從一層的臥室看到這個空間。

艾哈邁達巴德當地的The Grid建筑事務所曾經入圍Dezeen獎。

攝影:Photographix

Artefacts, furniture and art works distributed throughout the home soften the appearance and inject personality into the spaces. These include reclaimed panels and brackets from traditional buildings such as haveli houses and mandapa pavilions.
In the double-height living space, a wooden jharokha window that would originally have projected from the exterior of a building is mounted on the wall and offers a glimpse into the space from one of the first-floor bedrooms.
Ahmedabad-based The Grid Architects was previously longlisted for the Dezeen Awards in the studio of the year category.
The photography is by Photographix.

“新粗野主義”——印度Beton Brut住宅第8張圖片

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