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材料性能的專題研究——Stadtschloss入口空間第1張圖片

Portal at the Stadtschloss / Helga Blocksdorf Architektur

由專筑網小R編譯

由Coudray墻體定義的項目場地有兩個門房,分別是紅宮和黃宮,Duchess Anna Amalia圖書館學習中心,以及全新的警衛室似乎在向人們發出邀請。

Text description provided by the architects. Read as “Set, Scenario, Situation” (1), the building site defined by Coudray’s wall with its two gatehouses, the Red Palace, the Yellow Palace, the study centre of the Duchess Anna Amalia Library, and the New Guard House extends an invitation to a guest performance behind, on and over the wall.

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經過觀察可以發現,Coudray墻體有著些許神秘,首先是五個提籃拱門系列,另外還有四個拱門朝著全新警衛室,這些部分嵌入墻體表面之中,Ildefonso噴泉于1796年建造于德國魏瑪,然后在1824年由Clemens W. Coudray搬移到現在的場地上,并且不對稱地矗立在這些拱門前側。

On close inspection, Coudray’s wall presents a bit of mystery, beginning with the series of five basket-handle arches – and another four in the direction of the New Guard House – set into the solid wall surfaces. What is especially curious is that the Ildefonso Fountain, which was built in Weimar in 1796 and then moved to its present spot by Clemens W. Coudray in 1824, does not stand symmetrically in front of these arches.

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其中的神秘之處是區域的建筑歷史,首先,Clemens W. Coudray在南側和北側設計了5個提籃拱門,從而在通過宮殿的道路上構成了一種莊嚴的氛圍,另外,第五座北側拱門在1911年被拆除,這是為了擴建全新的警衛室,而這個拱門使得噴泉有著對稱的環境,整個門樓由一條拱形軸線放置到一側,而現在臨時開放的南側拱門構成了展覽空間的入口。

The mystery is part of the architectural history of the place: Originally, Clemens W. Coudray created five basket-handle arches both in the north and the south to furnish the simple wooden stables on the way to the palace with a stately air (2). The fifth of the northern arches, which lent the fountain its symmetric setting, was removed in 1911 to expand the New Guard House. The entire gatehouse was displaced to the side by one arch axis. Now the temporarily opened southern arch forms the entrance to the exhibition space.

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這使得噴泉回到了焦點的中心,構成古典主義墻體和展館之間的全新對話,樓上的游客能夠看到噴泉歷史人物上方的高架景觀,通過這樣的方式,這個入口空間讓公園的古典浪漫主義景觀很好地延伸到魏瑪教堂的內部院落里,并且通過景觀拱門建立了全新的天空框架。

This shifts the fountain back into the centre of focus and opens up a new dialogue between the classicistic wall and the exhibition pavilion. Upstairs visitors take in the elevated view directly above the historical figures of the fountain. In this way, the Erlebnisportal (Experience Portal) extends the picturesque elements of the classic- romantic landscaping of the park into the inner courtyard of the Weimar Stiftung and establishes a new sky- framed view into the park through the viewing arch.

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那么該如何在2021年設計具有實驗性和創意性的展品呢,并且還需要代表魏瑪城市宮殿的變革,那么由16至18厘米交叉層壓木材構成的臨時結構裝置及其淺色外部形態便是很好的答案。對于Thuringian建筑承包商的設計與手工藝技術的研究可以說明,他們如何應對在立面上應用樺樹皮這一歷史建筑材質所帶來的挑戰,紅宮的深灰色墻體前側的色彩明確地定義了時間層次。

The question of how to stage an experimental and innovative (3) showpiece in 2021 to represent the change in times in and around the Weimar Stadtschloss (City Palace) is answered by this temporary structure of 16- 18 cm cross-laminated timber with its light-hued shell of birch bark. The research that went into developing the design and the artisanal know-how of Thuringian building contractors are both evident in how they met the challenge of making visible use of birch bark, a historical building material, on the facade. The light colouration places a clearly defined temporal layer in front of the dark grey wall of the Red Palace.

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二維樹皮的覆蓋構成了簡單且有力的體量,其實際的亮度在內部更加顯著,樺樹皮面層是當地的外來材質,但是它能夠以模塊化的方式進行拆裝,而這種材質參考了Ilmpark的Bark住宅,這座建筑建造于1778年7月9日,由Johann Wolfgang von Goethe所構思指導,該聯合會也希望人們能夠思考某些裝置的可能時間框架以及建筑的瞬息部分。

The two- dimensional bark cladding creates a simple and powerful volume, whose actual lightness only becomes apparent inside. As a guest at this location – one that can be dismantled and reassembled in a modular fashion – the birch bark cladding references the Bark House in the Ilmpark, which was erected under the direction of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe on 9 July 1778 for the duration of a single theatrical performance. The association invites the viewer to think about the ephemeral aspects of building and the possible time frames of certain installations.

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在未來的天氣周期里,研究者將通過木材濕度以及室內濕度監控方案對樺樹皮立面進行一定的評估,這能夠很好地建立一種比較成果,其中比較的是計算機模型、模擬以及測量數值,從而更好地將“木材樺樹皮”在一定的框架內進行施工,并且不需要額外的構件層次,即可進行測試,調查的目標結合樹皮的相應,擴大了研究區域和可再生資源的結構多樣性,因此其中的研究目標如下:

Over the coming weather cycles, the experimental use (4) of the birch bark facade cladding will be evaluated through a wood-moisture and interior humidity monitoring programme with TU Braunschweig (Prof. Mike Sieder, Institute of Building Construction and Timber Structures and Prof. Elisabeth Endres, Institute for Building Services and Energy Design, Prof. Helga Blocksdorf, Institute of Building Construction). This will establish a comparison throughout the year between computer modelled, simulated and actually measured values, allowing for the future integration of “birch bark on timber” construction, with no additional component layers, into the framework of valid norms – as it is simultaneously being tested. The aim of the investigation into the response of the bark is to expand the diversity of structures in which regional and renewable resources are used; the individual research goals are:

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材料性能的專題研究——Stadtschloss入口空間第9張圖片

· 氣候中性結構的性能潛力的驗證與分析。建筑對象中的建筑材料及其應用狀況的水分與熱性能的現場測量,也結合了在氣候室中的實驗測量,這能夠幫助它們自身應用潛力的分析與評估,除了能源密集礦物建筑材料的替代和性能評估,研究的另一個重點則是在模擬方案中表達材質。

·Validation and analysis of the performance potential of climate-neutral constructions. In situ measurements of moisture and thermal behaviours of the building materials and their applied state in the built object, combined with laboratory measurements done in a climatic chamber, assist in the evaluation and analysis of their potential for practical use. Aside from the performance assessment and the replacement of energy-intensive mineral building substances, another focus of the research is on how to map the material in simulation programmes.

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· 被動與主動的建筑概念的內部氣候與能源品質。其中應用的極簡化技術概念與實木結構結合在一起,代表了穩定且精密的構件策略,室內氣候的評估能夠在未來充分條件下進行評估。

·Evaluation of the internal climate and energetic qualities of the passive-active building concept. The implemented minimal technical concept, combined with a solid timber structure, represents a robust, reduced-component strategy. The measurements of the interior climate will allow for its assessment in the context of sufficiency requirements that will become necessary in the future.

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建筑設計:Helga Blocksdorf Architektur
類型:臨時裝置
面積:110 m2
時間:2021年
攝影:Simon Menges, Ruben Beilby
景觀設計:Thilo Folkerts
施工監理:Grubert Verhülsdonk Architekten PartGmbB
結構工程:Pichler Ingenieure GmbH
電氣設計:b.i.g. Bechthold Ingenieurgesellschaft mbH
采暖通風:Six Engineers GmbH
客戶:Klassik Stiftung Weimar
無障礙設計:grauwert-Büro für Inklusive und demografiefeste Lösungen
消防:Daniel Verhülsdonk
展覽設計:whitebox GbR
城市:魏瑪
國家:德國

TEMPORARY INSTALLATIONS
WEIMAR, GERMANY
Architects: Helga Blocksdorf Architektur
Area: 110 m2
Year: 2021
Photographs: Simon Menges, Ruben Beilby
Landscape Architecture: Thilo Folkerts
Construction Supervision: Grubert Verhülsdonk Architekten PartGmbB
Structural Engineering: Pichler Ingenieure GmbH
Electrical design: b.i.g. Bechthold Ingenieurgesellschaft mbH
Heating and Ventilation: Six Engineers GmbH
Client: Klassik Stiftung Weimar
Planning Support For Barrier Free Accessibility For The Disabled: grauwert-Büro für Inklusive und demografiefeste Lösungen
Fire Protection: Daniel Verhülsdonk
Exhibition Design: whitebox GbR
City: Weimar
Country: Germany

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