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Main大街1217號大樓:36215塊瓷磚的匠心精神第1張圖片

1217 Main Street Renovation / 5G Studio Collaborative

由專筑網小R編譯

來自建筑事務所的描述:Main大街1217號大樓位于美國德州達拉斯市,建筑經過了一定的改造,于2017年12月重新投入使用,這座建筑最為吸引人的轉變是上世紀50年代銀行大樓的外部形態。建筑最初建造于1958年,當時用作衛報儲蓄銀行。在過去的20年里,建筑經歷了火災,因此建筑師們對其進行了重重的改造,建筑因此又重新了成為了城市的特有資產。它也被達拉斯晨報的建筑評論家Mark Lamster稱為是達拉斯十大最佳建筑。

Text description provided by the architects. Located in downtown Dallas, the substantially modified 1217 Main Street building reopened in December of 2017 with the most striking change to the 1950s-era bank building being the exterior. The building was originally built in 1958 as the Guardian Savings Bank. Having gone through two fires over the last 20 years, among other misfortunes, 1217 Main has become a true revival story, transforming from a liability into an urban asset for both the city and neighborhood. It has been cited as one of ten best structures in Dallas within the last decade by Mark Lamster, the acclaimed architectural critic for The Dallas Morning News.

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藝術家Jorge Pardo出生于古巴,是Macarthur基金會的成員,其致力于探索了繪畫、設計、雕塑,以及建筑,Jorge Pardo的作品常常模糊了藝術和建筑之間的界限。這位藝術家受邀設計一面由36215塊釉面瓷磚而組成的馬賽克立面。

Cuban-born artist Jorge Pardo, a Macarthur Foundation Fellow whose body of work explores the intersection of contemporary painting, design, sculpture, and architecture, was commissioned to design a mosaic façade handmade from 36,215 glazed ceramic tiles. Jorge Pardo is known for blurring the lines between art and architecture.

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客戶和Jorge Pardo希望項目團隊能夠設計這樣一種瓷磚立面,即其中沒有明顯的伸縮縫或是連接面板。藝術家希望建筑能夠成為一個整體,將手工陶瓷以嚴格的方式應用在建筑的內外部。Pardo的色彩應用方式十分聞名,他以德州藍天的微妙變化為靈感,構思了瓷磚立面,將天空融入到以無彩色為主的城市景觀中。

The client and Jorge Pardo challenged the team to design, engineer, and construct a ceramic tile facade with no visible control or expansion joints, panel or module seams.  The artistic intent required the building to read as a single mass of tile by applying the handmade ceramic in a rigorous pattern on interior and exterior planes.  Known for his seductive use of color, Pardo conceived of a tile facade that derived its inspiration from the subtle variation of the Texas blue sky, conceptually bringing a piece of the sky down onto the urban landscape that's dominated by grays and beige.

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立面由6種顏色構成,建筑上的每一塊瓷磚的位置都和建筑的特征相協調,在曾經的11個月里,工人們安裝了36215塊瓷磚,整體的立面也是一個定制的雨幕系統,構成了水平交叉的T形鋁制網格,瓷磚上單獨應用了結構硅膠。建筑的立面上沒有伸縮縫,其膨脹和收縮都在¼”的硅膠瓷磚接頭之中完成。

The gradient facades were composed of 6 colors, and every tile on the building was placed to coordinate with architectural features. Over 11 months, the installers individually set the 36,215 tiles. The tile façade is a custom rainscreen system that is a gridwork of vertical and horizontal T-shaped aluminum extrusions onto which the tiles are individually set with structural silicone. There are no control joint or expansion joints on the façade. The expansion and contraction are handled within the ¼” silicone tile joint.

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Jorge Pardo常常使用適合墨西哥干旱氣候的瓷磚,但是這種瓷磚在德州的達拉斯也許會構成凍融循環,這會導致瓷磚脫落。因此藝術家對原有的瓷磚進行了測試,得出結論為期吸收率是9%。在經過研究之后,設計團隊指定了類似屬性的定制瓷磚,這種瓷磚的吸收率為0.2%。

Jorge Pardo typically works with ceramic tile suitable for the arid climate of Mexico, but in Dallas, Texas there are freeze/thaw cycles which may cause spalling of the tile. The initial ceramic tile was tested and had a 9% absorption rate. After these findings, the design team specified a custom tile to be fabricated with attributes similar to a porcelain tile. This custom tile that is used on the building has a 0.2% absorption rate.

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建筑的地面層是面包店、咖啡廳,以及小賣部,上面的4層為創意辦公室,曾經4層建筑的屋面被改造為辦公區,還有外部陽臺,讓使用者能夠享受達拉斯的城市景觀。

The ground floor of the building is occupied by a bakery/café/butcher shop/commissary operation with 4 levels of creative office floors above. The roof of the previously 4-story building was also converted into an occupiable office floor with exterior balconies affording the outdoor enjoyment of the Dallas downtown scene.

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城市藝術和建筑的成功融合將這座20多年來一直處于城市中心的建筑改造為了煥發新生的城市新地標,這也在達拉斯的Main大街等多個區域構成了核心影響力。

The successful merging of the urban art and architecture transfigured a downtown building that had been a liability for over 20 years into a new downtown anchor that is now full of life day and night, commanding an influence that extends multiple urban blocks beyond its location on Main Street Dallas.

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建筑設計:5G Studio Collaborative
地點:美國
類型:餐廳/酒吧/機構建筑
面積:30422平方英尺(約2826平方米)
時間:2017年
攝影:Adam Mørk
制造商:AutoDesk, Ellison Bronze, Vitro®, Agnora, Bison, Kawneer, Adobe, Robert McNeel & Associates
設計團隊:Yen Ong, Hoang Dang, Scott Lowe, Josh Allen, Paul Merrill
客戶:Headington Companies
工程設計:Armstrong-Douglass
顧問:MEP-Lippe and Associates, Lighting Designer-Paul Helms Design Consultants, Food Service-Complete Restaurant Services, Studio NYL, Conley Group

RESTAURANTS & BARS, INSTITUTIONAL BUILDINGS
DALLAS, UNITED STATES
Architects: 5G Studio Collaborative
Area: 30422 ft2
Year: 2017
Photographs: Adam Mørk
Manufacturers: AutoDesk, Ellison Bronze, Vitro®, Agnora, Bison, Kawneer, Adobe, Robert McNeel & Associates
Design Team: Yen Ong, Hoang Dang, Scott Lowe, Josh Allen, Paul Merrill
Clients: Headington Companies
Engineering: Armstrong-Douglass
Consultants: MEP-Lippe and Associates, Lighting Designer-Paul Helms Design Consultants, Food Service-Complete Restaurant Services, Studio NYL, Conley Group

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